Armenian-language treatise on the district of Gandzak (Kirovabad/modern Ganja). This area frequently passed back and forth among Iranian, Armenian, and Aghuanian states, in the pre-Turkic period. The bulk of this study concentrates on the 19th-20th centuries when Armenians were still an important part of the population. The author, the renowned ethnographer/folklorist Ervand Lalayan (1864-1931), founded the Armenian Ethnographic Society (1901) as well as the scholarly journal Azgagrakan Handes [Ethnographic Review] (1895-1916). Topics include: 1. Historical Survey (large section on the Armenian Melik families); 2. Topography: noteworthy Armenian villages, monasteries, fortresses, German settlements, Russian Molakan settlements, Turkish villages (descriptions include population statistics); 3. Ethnography: dwellings of Armenians; clothing and ornaments; family system and customs; beliefs. This download includes both volume 1 (Tiflis, 1900) and volume 2 (Tiflis, 1901). Format: 324 .pdf pages. Some photographs by Lalayan. Book digitized by Google and uploaded by user by Robert Bedrosian.